While students learn, they have to write a great variety of academic assignments. Each has a different purpose and certain requirements. A research paper is among the common and pretty complicated assignments. A student is supposed to gather relevant facts about the chosen or assigned topic and plainly disclose it from different angles. The task isn’t easy and requires a lot of time, strength, and in-depth knowledge. Some students aren’t able to handle an abstract of a research paper and require assistance.
Many college and university students grow desperate when they are assigned this piece of academic writing. They think they’ll never receive the highest grade for it. Youngsters need help writing a research paper, and along with experts from AdvancedWriters we can provide what they seek online. Our informative guide will explain how to write an abstract for a research paper.
Know It Is
The first task you should accomplish is to understand the purpose of an abstract. It’s a short overview of the entire project. It tells the readers about the purpose, complications, and outcomes of the research paper. An abstract is a “spoiler to the movie” because you tell what was found in the beginning. Nonetheless, it is the official demand for this piece of writing.
The abstract appears right at the beginning of a research paper. Its length is somewhere between 150 and 250 words. The main four elements of the abstract for a research paper are:
- Problem statement. Your abstract should declare the main problem and explain to readers why they should care about it. Clarify what gap you intend to fill in.
- Methods. Mention the methods you’ve used to acquire the results for your research paper.
- Findings. Tell what you’ve managed to receive thanks to the methods you’ve applied.
- Conclusions. Interpret the results of your research. Explain their value to the industry you’ve chosen to research.
The Main Qualities of an Abstract
The next stage to writing a good abstract is to know its qualities. They aren’t difficult to follow. However, you should obligatorily fulfill them all.
Make sure you:
- Write logical, coherent, and short paragraphs;
- Strictly follow the chronological order of your research paper;
- Implement facts in the order of the appearance in the text;
- Provide logical connections between all parts and facts you mention;
- Never add any information, which wasn’t mentioned in your paper;
- Use words understandable to wide audiences;
- Stick to the passive voice;
- Simply summarize the report.
When to Write an Abstract?
Another question we should answer is the time when the abstract should be written. Why do we ask this question? Isn’t it obvious that the abstract should be written first because it comes first in a research paper? We guess you have instantly asked these questions, and we can answer them.
A lot of students really write it straight away. It’s a serious mistake because you don’t know the outcomes yet. You may only assume that judging from the evidence you’ve found, you’ll receive the anticipated outcomes. Nonetheless, many students are bitterly sorry for concluding so early.
They may receive findings that are very different or even opposite to their initial assumptions. As a result, young researchers must rewrite the abstract entirely. The wisest strategy is to write it after all the procedures are finished, and you have a clear result that can be analyzed and described.
Things You Shouldn’t Do
It’s likewise important to be aware of typical mistakes. Students don’t know about the things they should never do when they write an abstract.
Let’s check the list of typical “don’ts”.
- Don’t begin your abstract writing “this paper, report, etc.” It’s better to begin with – This research has investigated…
- Never explain the sections and parts of your assignment.
- Don’t mention statements that end with “is described, analyzed, etc.”
- Your sentences shouldn’t begin with “it is believed, suggested, etc.”
- Never remake the title of your project;
- Don’t mention facts that weren’t stated in your research;
- Try not to mention abbreviations, trademarks, acronyms, and similar stuff because you’ll have to explain them, and it will take too long.
Of course, you should reread your abstract several times. It is compulsory to be 100% confident it’s free of mistakes and doesn’t violate any of the rules above.
Other Sections of a Research Paper
A strong and clear abstract is important. Nevertheless, you should be aware of other sections of a research paper. We’ll briefly describe them here below.
- Introduction. It states the main problem of your research. Explain its importance and how it helps to fill in the gap of the studied issue.
- Limitations. Tell to what extent your research is limited. For example, you may set a strict time-frame, location, age, etc.
- Methodology. Explain what research methods you’ve used and why.
- Literature review. Mention all the information resources you’ve used to conduct your research.
- Main body. It’s the longest section of a research paper where you build the argument and develop a thesis statement. Provide examples and findings, but don’t explain them.
- Conclusions. Bring together all the findings and explain their value to the scientific society. If you didn’t manage something, mention that too and promise to study it later.
Use our guide wisely. The information and recommendations mentioned here are universal. They will suit any research paper’s topic.